Numerous types of Indian painting have emerged in the due course of time in different geographic locations as a result of religious and cultural impact. The paintings of India can be broadly classified under wall paintings and miniature paintings. The different types of Indian paintings fall under this two broad categories but again they can also be classified depending on their evolution, emergence and style. Almost all of the ancient paintings are engraved on the wall of temples and caves. Miniature paintings are the ones made on small canvasses of papers and clothes. This type of art mainly evolved in the medieval age narrating the royal life which is quite popular now.
The technique and medium are the two major aspects of painting. Depending on these, paintings can be further classified as Patachitra, Marble paintings, Batik, Kalamkari, Silk paintings, Velvet paintings, Palm Leaf Etchings, Glass painting in India, etc. With the border of art shrinking and the world becoming a global village huge patterns of art form are in vogue. Finally religion and culture also have immense impact on paintings. Folk paintings, Indo-Islamic art and Buddhist art are different types. Mostly the paintings on the walls of caves and temples depict many aspects of Hinduism and Buddhism.
These Paintings are miniature paintings of the finest quality, which are made both on paper and on large pieces of cloth. Different parts of the state stick to their own style, and are thus recognized as different schools of paintings. A number of famous schools of painting are Mewar, Hadoti, Marwar, Kishangarh, Alwar and Dhundhar. Rajasthani painting has clear influences of Mughal paintings though it is quite distinct in its own way.
Paintings of the Mughal are the amalgamations of indo-Islamic style of painting which flourished in the ateliers of Mughal emperors including Akbar, Jahangir and Shah Jahan, delineating neatly the court life of Mughal royal society. Tanjore Paintings are classical South Indian form of painting which evolved in the village of Thanjavur in Tamil Nadu state well-known for its richness and compactness of forms and vivid colours. To know more read: