The picturesque city of Jaipur is ennobled by its history. Tracing down the findings of experts it can be said that the history of Jaipur begins from the day of its foundation. In the year 1727, Maharaja Jai Singh laid the foundation of this Jaipur city. After Jai Singh the city was named as Jaipur. He was a Kachhwaha Rajput, who reigned from the years 1699 to 1744. In the beginning Amber, which is situated at a distance of almost eleven kms from Jaipur, was his capital. The rapid growth of population multiplied with water scarcity problem, which forced the ruler to shift his capital to Jaipur. In fact the ruler became very enthusiastic at the time of designing this city. After consulting lots of books on architecture he began the work of building the layouts of this city.
Being the first planned Indian city the history of Jaipur also has caught so much of attention of historians. After confronting several blows of Maratha rulers, Jai Singh took the initiative to make the city more and more secured. That is why he relied on his own technical and artistic knowledge. Jai Singh himself was a lover of mathematics and scientific theories and he also consulted Vidyadhar Bhattacharya. He was a Brahmin academician from Bengal who had helped the ruler to design the architecture of Jaipur city.
The history of Jaipur is also enriched by the lineage of kings who have succeeded Jai Singh. At a young age of fourteen years Sawai Pratap Singh became the Maharaja. His year of reign was 1778 – 1803. During his reign of twenty-five years Jaipur city had undergone both progress and failures at the same time. Main threats were Maratha and Mughal rulers for whom he had to face recurring fear and a grave drainage of funds. To know more read: