Meditative Asanas are the postures one assumes in order to sit or stand comfortably for extended durations, enabling one to concentrate and meditate without interference from muscle proprioceptors. The idea behind Meditative Asanas is merely to position oneself in such a way so that one’s limbs cease to send stimuli to the mind, allowing the practitioner to concentrate on meditation.
Meditative Asanas have been consistently mentioned in various Indian Text on Yoga over the ages, including the Puranas and the Vedas, and have formed the core around which a comprehensive physical culture of asana practice was developed.
Types of Meditative Asanas Asanas classified as meditative are considered highly important in the canonical Yoga texts. There are 12 meditative postures listed in various Hatha Yoga manuals, and variations on the same have been devised over the years, of which 16 are known, resulting in a total of 28 Meditative Asanas. Only 19 of these, however, can be considered real Meditative Asanas, since the others are corrective or cultural.
The monuments of Haryana would remind one about the state’s rich opulent culture and tradition. Haryana monuments include the forts, palaces and tombs of the ruling dynasties that have now altered into different government offices of the state. Monuments of Haryana consist of the tomb of Ibrahim Lodi in Panipat, the Star monument Bhiwani in the Bhiwani complex which is situated approximately 12kms away from Bhiwani, the fort of Kalsia Raja, the Jal Mahal, tombs of Shah Quli Khan, Shiekh Chehli, and Feroz Shah’ S Palace to name a few.
The architectural structures of different monuments of Haryana vary from each other. Different rulers of each and every dynasty constructed their structures with the mixture of traditional and modern equipments and techniques. Some monuments are of rectangular block shape constructed by Lakhori bricks, some are hexagonal pyramidal shaped having star shaped sides; some are constructed with absolutely no pillars and other constructions have been decorated wonderfully with the famous mural paintings.
Popular historical monuments of Haryana The history of Haryana is one of the oldest histories dating back to the Vedic Period and is steeped in glory. It was the land where the epic battle of Mahabharata at Kurukshetra took place. It is the same land where Lord Krishna recited the Bhagwad Gita to the reluctant Arjuna and three other battles were fought at Panipat. Different religions have evolved during the thousand years of history of this state. Different rulers constructed several religious monuments including temples, tombs, churches, mosques and gurdwaras.
Rai Bal Mukund Das Ka Chatta Also known as Birbal Ka Chatta, the palace belonged to Rai Bal Mukund Das (superintendent of Mughal emperor Shah Jahan). Rai Bal Mukund Das Ka Chatta is known for its architectural excellence, displaying a five storied structure with hall, terraces and room around a central courtyard. The building originally had three underground floors but presently only one level is accessible.
Jal Mahal Jal Mahal was constructed by Shah Quli Khan in 1591 AD. Shah Quli Khan was the then governor of Narnaul and it said to be favourite of Emperor Akbar. It is a fusion of Hindu and Islamic architectural styles. The layout of Jal Mahal shows a finely developed system of filling the huge water tank with rain water.
Tomb of Ibrahim Khan Suri Tomb of Ibrahim Khan Suri was built in 1538-1545 AD by Sher Shah Suri in the memory of this grandfather Ibrahim Khan Suri. it was built 50 years after the death of Ibrahim Khan Suri.
Buddha Stupa Buddha Stupa in Chaneti was built in the 3rd century BC by Mauryan emperor Ashoka. This stupa is built on similar lines to the Shahpur and Dharamrajika stupas of Taxila.
Lat Ki Masjid Lat Ki Masjid, constructed in the 14th century is a mosque located to the east end of the Feroz Shah complex, opposite to the Talaqi Gate. The monument gets its name from the ancient column located within the courtyard.
Tomb of Shah Quli Khan Shah Quli Khan built this tomb in 16th century in the memory of this father. Shah Quli Khan was the governor of Narnaul during the Mughal emperor Akbar.
The folk dances of Haryana showcase the state’s rich folklore and tradition and reflect the cultural background of the people. These folk dances create a sense of unity and togetherness among the people, be it festivals, fairs, or ceremonies like marriage, birth or even harvest season, the people come together to dance and rejoice. Listed below are some of the major folk dances of Haryana.
Phag Dance This dance form is performed by the farmers in the month of Phalgun. Both men and women can perform this dance. During performance women wear colourful traditional clothes whereas men wear colourful turbans.
Saang Dance Saang dance is a ritualistic popular traditional folk dance of Haryana, reflecting its culture in true sense. A group comprising of people in even numbers such as 10 or 12 people performs it. The dance mainly reflects the religious stories and folk tales that are performed in open public places and it lasts for 5 hours. Cross-dressing is quite popular in this traditional folk dance of Haryana, some of the male participants dress up as women to perform the part of the female in the dance. The meaning of ‘Saang’ or ‘Swang’ is disguise or ‘to impersonate’. It is believed that this dance form first originated and then evolved in its present form by Kishan Lal Bhaat in 1750 AD.
Chhathi Dance In many places of India, the birth of a newborn is celebrated with pleasure. Chhathi dance is also a ritualistic dance, performed at the same occasion. But, this dance is performed only on the birth of a male child. Women perform this dance on the sixth day of the birth. It is a romantic dance and performed during night. At the end of the celebration, boiled wheat and chanaa are distributed to all the members who are present for the performance.
Sham Chaurasia Gharana is a gharana in Hindustani classical music, known for the singing of vocal duets, most notably represented in modern times by the brothers Salamat Ali Khan and Nazakat Ali Khan.
Centre of Sham Chaurasia Gharana Sham Chaurasia gharana is centred at a village of the same name in the Hoshiarpur district of Punjab; variant spellings include Shamchurasi.
History of Sham Chaurasia Gharana Sham Chaurasia Gharana is believed to have been founded in the 16th century by Mian Chand Khan and Mian Suraj Khan who were contemporaries of Mian Tansen at the court of Mughal emperor Akbar. Successive generations of musicians in the gharana specialised in the dhrupad form of singing and evolved a tradition of duet vocal jugalbandi performances.
Composers of Sham Chaurasia Gharana
Mian Karim Bukhsh Majzoob, Ustad Ahmed Ali Khan, Ustad Niaz Hussain Shami, and Ustad Vilayat Ali Khan were some of the illustrious members of the Sham Chaurasi Gharana.