History of Kerala states that this state was the melting pot of many civilisations and cultures and hence contains a rich heritage. A very famous mythological legend is there which speaks of the land’s origin – the own country of the God. According to the legend, Parasurama, incarnation of Vishnu, took his position over a lofty cliff and asked the violent sea to move back by throwing his axe in the sea and accordingly the sea responded to the command and the land came out as the sea receded to form Kerala. As per the Archaeologists; the early inhabitants of the state included the food gatherers and hunters of Negrito tribe. After them, came the Austric people. These Austric people were then followed by people who came from the Mediterranean region and called the Dravidians. These Dravidian people moved away to the south but were able to leave a mark of their cultural impact on the Aryans who brought Jainism, Buddhism and Hinduism with them.
Ancient History of Kerala There is not much known to the historians regarding the ancient history of Kerala since very less is available in written form. Whatever remains is in the form of conjectures and myths and one of the myths is the Legend of Parasurama. The ancient History of Kerala is primarily steeped into myths and legends. According to the geologists, the land of Kerala was elevated from the sea due to a seismic activity, either gradual or sudden.
Besides the legends, the first arrival in Kerala can be identified today only with regard to the burial practices followed by them. Although there are no records, sensible assumption is that those people spoke an archaic form of Tamil and built strange burial monuments of granite. The historians have assumed a time bracket in between the tenth century BC and fifth century AD for these people. It is evident from the grave relics, which includes daggers and iron tridents that these megalithic builders had emerged out of the Stone Age to the Iron Age without moving through the Bronze Age.
Meditative Asanas are the postures one assumes in order to sit or stand comfortably for extended durations, enabling one to concentrate and meditate without interference from muscle proprioceptors. The idea behind Meditative Asanas is merely to position oneself in such a way so that one’s limbs cease to send stimuli to the mind, allowing the practitioner to concentrate on meditation.
Meditative Asanas have been consistently mentioned in various Indian Text on Yoga over the ages, including the Puranas and the Vedas, and have formed the core around which a comprehensive physical culture of asana practice was developed.
Types of Meditative Asanas Asanas classified as meditative are considered highly important in the canonical Yoga texts. There are 12 meditative postures listed in various Hatha Yoga manuals, and variations on the same have been devised over the years, of which 16 are known, resulting in a total of 28 Meditative Asanas. Only 19 of these, however, can be considered real Meditative Asanas, since the others are corrective or cultural.
Postures of Meditative Asanas All the meditative Asanas are similar, and invariably involve keeping the neck and body erect to let the blood flow freely along the spine and to avoid pressure on the visceral organs. The legs are rooted to the ground to maintain a steady posture. Meditative Asanas are also performed with either of two gazes; the nasal gaze and the frontal gaze (focusing on the nose or directly in front) and also involve the three Bandhas: the chin lock, abdominal compression and anal contraction. Some hand and finger symbolisms known as ‘Mudras’, are also performed in some meditative Asanas.
Indian Folk Music encompasses a wide variety of musical styles which defy any definition. It is a rather popular genre of music which has captivated music lovers since the remote past with its rhythm, tune, lyrics and pulse. Essentially, folk music of India is a community-based style of music dealing with some kind of social discourse or feelings of the singer and situation. The great diversity that prevails in India culture and civilisation has greatly facilitated the origins and establishment of the folk style of music. Every region of India has its own distinctive style of music. These folk songs are full of rustic charm and appeal. They have simple and touching lyrics which have an immense appeal for the rural masses.
Most of the folk music of India is dance-oriented. This means that the songs that are sung are usually accompanied by some dance form, typical to the region in which it is being performed. There is no definite system of education that is imparted in the genre of folk music. It is a style that is picked up and followed and thus the tradition of folk music has mainly been aural. ‘Desi folk’, as it has been termed, is viewed as a classical art form where in the midst of dance, mime, lasya and natya the symbolic attributes of traditional Indian culture finds a definite diction.
Themes of Folk Music in India Folk music is an indispensable part of functions such as childbirth, wedding, engagement etc. There are a number of songs for such occasions. Due to the nature of their lifestyle, and the priority of agriculture in the lives of the rural people, there are a number of songs associated with agricultural activities like planting and harvesting. The villagers give vent to their hopes, fears and aspirations by means of these songs. Folk music is also sometimes employed for educational purposes, such as instructing a girl about womanhood.
Instruments used in Folk Music in India The kind of musical instruments used in folk music are quite different from the type used in Indian Classical Music. They are not as refined as the ones used in classical music. The most distinct feature of these instruments is that they are usually crafted by the singers themselves. They use commonly available materials such as bamboos, coconut shells and pots to make these instruments. Usually, cruder forms of instruments like dholak, dhaf, nal etc are used. In the places of classical string instruments like the sitar and sarod, much simpler versions such as the ektara, dotar, saringda etc are used. Apart from these, there are also a number of instruments which are used only in particular styles of folk music. Most of these instruments have their own name in the local dialect.
Hormonal disorders are conditions that affect the endocrine system and the hormones they release. As such the effect of hormonal disorders can range throughout the whole body as different disorders can manifest in different areas. Hormones are produced primarily in the endocrine glands but certain parts of the body such as the kidney or the placenta can also release hormones in conjunction with the endocrine system.
Hormones play a large and important role in a person’s daily health and well-being. Diseases, certain stages of life and different health conditions can affect the body’s ability to make or use the hormones one need.
Causes of Hormonal Disorders There are many different causes of hormonal disorders. Some may be genetically linked, as some may seem to run within the family, such as diabetes. Others may involve nutritional factors. Age also plays a factor in the development of hormonal disorders, especially in the production of sex hormones which reduces in both sexes as they age. Sometimes auto-immune disorders can affect the hormone production by attacking hormone production sites in the body, disrupting the normal processes of the organ.
Symptoms of Hormonal Disorders Typically hormonal disorders involve either an overproduction by hyperactive glands or deficiency of a certain hormone by hypoactive glands. Depending on the hormonal disorder, the symptoms may vary greatly. Some may not even manifest symptoms immediately until the problem is severe.
Types of Hormonal Disorders Hormone disorders include endocrine system diseases, which directly affect the glands of the endocrine system. Conditions relating to hormones can be wide-ranging.